Vintage engraving of the 13 Vendemiaire Year 4 (5 October 1795 in the French Republican Calendar) is the name given to a battle between the French Revolutionary troops and Royalist forces in the streets of Paris. The battle was largely responsible for the rapid advancement of Republican General Napoleon Bonaparte's career.

The Revolution’s shadow

How did conflict affect British politics?

Did the French Revolutionary Wars dominate British politics or did they spur innovation and reform? Professor Jeremy Black and Graham Stewart discuss a tempestuous time.

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